by Ed Kohout |
of Wshington D.C. Part 1 |
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"...it was called the pentangle, or seal of Solomon, and the shield of David, and was employed all over Asia as a preservative against witchcraft, in which superstition the Jews are said to have participated; for they used written charms enclosed in the above hexagonal or pentacular figure, and disposed cabalistically, which were worn about their necks. It constituted the Pythagorean pentalpha, and was the symbol of health."^{1} (emphasis mine.)
"The Signet of Solomon, the Pentalpha -- called by Our Ancient Brethren 'the Star in the East' -- the Symbol of Masonic Light; otherwise represented by the five-pointed Star of Masonry -- which corresponds eith TGAOTU, etc, and being a fivefold and endless triangle, whose lines are continually reproduced to infinity, is the emblem of Eternity."^{2}
Washington D.C., a city designed by Freemasons for the newly created Federal constitutional government of the United States of America, is expectedly home to some interesting geomertry, including pentagrams and pentacles, as well as other Masonic symbols. The street grid north of the White House is shaped like an upside down pentacle. The White House, and therefore the pentacle, is aligned to the Capitol via Pennsylvania Avenue, to the Washington Monument directly to the south, and to the Pentagon -- another pive-pointed structure, to the southwest, via sacred geometry as well. This series will attempt to describe the "astrometry" of Washington D.C., or the astrological measures that accompany the geometry. |
The Pentagram in Masonic History Figure 1-1 The connection of the pentagram to the golden ratio, or "phi," symbolized as ø, is long revered and used in Egyptian neolithic architecture, most notably in the layout of the Sphinx and large pyramids at Giza. Basic fundamentals of the 5-pointed star can be found at this site. So much could be said about the pentacle, or the five-pointed star, in the history of Freemasonry that this website cannot do it justice. The pentacle is one of the oldest occult symbols on the Earth. In contemporary society is has become rather ubiquitous, from the local sheriff's seal, to the stars on the flag, to the symbol of majick in witchcraft, to the gradeschool reward for extra effort. A more storied history of the pentacle is found in the anals of Freemasonry, and thier alleged predecessors the Knights Templars. Yet, the pentagram as an icon of sacred geometry was well known to the Greeks and Arabs millennia earlier. |
Alledeged to have been the deity worshipped by the Knight Templars, this human/goat figure is the motif of The Devil in the Masonically inspired Waite-Rider tarot deck. |
This closeup clearly shows the inverted pentagram in the third eye of Baphomet. A pentacle on The Devil does not appear in tarot decks prior to Waite's 1910 deck. The number of lines in a pentacle is 15, which is also the number of this arcanum, "XV." |
An important link regarding the pentacle in Freemasonry's transitional period of the 17th Century is found with its usage by Robert Moray, who not only integrated a pentacle into his signature, but also incorporated it into various seals. He did not take take this practice directly from Masonry, but instead found Masonry compatible with his own occult symbolry.^{3} From this point on, and then surely in the American realms, the pentacle gained widespread use in Masonry. The Pentagram and Sacred Geometry in the design of Washington D.C. |
The Pentacle that extends north of the White House possesses many invisible levels of sacred geometry. Based on geometric progression of squares, it appears to be skewed an unequal, yet it supports a complex set of shapes that are common inside the Masonic lodge. It is explained in Bromwell's Restorations^{4} as the function of the oblong square, or a 1:2 rectangle (upside down): |
Here we see the White House as the anchor of progressively larger circles, based upon the oblong square: |
The line extending northeast from the White House defines another oblong square, as well as the northernmost boundary of the city: |
The red circle defines the northern border of the city directly north of the White House: |
If we take that same square mile, and connect it to the two northernmost points on the pentacle, we can draw some more circles. The White House lies at the midpoint of the square and its circle: |
Better known as the Pythagorean Theorem, Euclid's 47th problem is one of the hallmarks of Masonic geometry. The Pentagram and ø can be functionally represented by the following graphic, based on H.E. Huntley's work in The Divine Proportion^{5}.
Figure 1-8 The triangle AEF is a typical 3-4-5 triangle. The rectangle ABCD has a 1:2 ratio, as does the pentacle above the White House. The ø ratio starts at K, and proceeds through N, H, C, A, B, and ends on F. When we superimpose this graphic onto the map of Washington, we begin to see exactly how some of the dimensions of the layout was determined: Figure 1-7j
All the shapes together show that the White House and Congress are the centers of sacred geometrical formations: Figure 1-7k The Supreme Council of the Scottish Rite, 33°, at 1733 16th Street NW, sits at the corner of one of these squares, a symbolic 13 blocks north of the White House: Figure 1-7l 19.5, 33, Poles, Pentacles and Presidents A little-known facet of the pentagram is its relationship to the English measurements of the inch, foot, yard, pole, mile, and "Domesday league" (a mile and a half) -- and the earth's circumference. All six measures can be expressed as factors of four prime numbers: 2, 3, 5, and 11, and it is simple to make calculations interchangeably:
These factors multiplied together equal a factor of 33: {2 × 3 × 5 × 11 = 330} The purpose of this, on the surface, seems to be avoidance of the complex prime of 7. But, why 11? The likely answer to this lies in the number "pi" when expressed in the classical 22/7, as 11 is half of this numerator. If we want to find the radius of a circle whose circumference is a mile, we can then employ simple divisors: 63360 inches × 7 ÷ 22 ÷ 2 = 10080 inches, or 840 feet. Using a precise 13-digit value for pi, we get: 63360 ÷ 3.141592653589 ÷ 2 = 10084.0571943 inches, The "pole" measure, or 1/320th of a mile, is 2x3x3x11, or 198 inches, which translates into 16.5 feet. Two "poles" total 33 feet. One-sixth of 198 is 33 inches, and if we create a circle with the radius of 33 inches, we find that a circumscribed hexagon's perimiter will total 198, which is again one "pole." If we want the diameter of a circle whose circumference is one pole, we find it to be: 198 × 7 ÷ 22 = 63. You may notice that this is a factor of the 630-foot height and width of the Gateway Arch. If we were to draw a circle that would have the Arch's special height at a diameter, and thus a 315-foot radius, and use the classical pi formula of 22/7, we would find: circumference = 11880 inches, or {33 × 360}, or {60 × 198}. The pole value has other magical uses as well. If we take this figure, and multiply it by one million, and then 5², we get an approximation of the circumference of the earth -- 24858 miles, or 1,575,002,880 inches. The true value is 24,901.55 miles (40,075.16 km) at the equator, with the pole to pole circumference being 24,859.82 miles (40,008 km), which is frighteningly close to the above "pole" value. Therefore, if we divide any longitude into five segments of 72°, we find that this measure is 4971.6 miles, or 315,000,576 inches. This number divided by 1,000,000 can be rounded off to 315, which happens to be the height in feet of the Old Post Office on Pennsylvania Avenue, and half of the height in feet of the Gateway Arch. This is also perhaps the explanation of why the Arch, which is situated 18° offset from the north-south polar meridian, is as tall and wide as it is -- 630 feet, to symbolize the harmonic measure of the earth's circumference. A circle drawn with such dimensions would be: 1 / 66315 the circumference of the earth. "315" and the Old Post Office will prove vital to our study of the White House and Capitol in the following pages. The address of the White House is also tied into a "33" with the measure of the city. The Constitution specifies that the new Federal City not exceed ten miles square. Ten miles is 52800 feet, and ten square miles is 2787840000 square feet, which gives us this set: 8448000 ÷ 33 = 256000 256000 ÷ 1600 = 1600. Or, the area of the original 10-mile square Washington D.C. is: {1600² × 33²} "1600 West" is 16 city blocks, or two miles, and thus the White House is two miles west of the Capitol. How far north it is can be solved with basic geometry. To figure out the area and perimiter of a right triangle, we only need the length of one side and one other angle, from which we can use the SINE function. First we need to convert to "poles," of which there are 320 in one mile.
Line A, from the White House to the 90° angle can the be figured by using the standard {a² + b² = c²}, but inverted to {c² - b² = a²}: {678.9432² - 640² = a²}; {0.708237 × 3 = 2.124711} ...precisely the same as the length of Philadelphia Avenue between the Capitol and the White House, as well as the inverted logarithm of ".33", and thus is ~33% of the length of that Presidential way.
If we add all the sides of this triangle, we arrive at ~1545.6, which is ~= {5² × ø × 100}, confirming the "sacred geometry" of Washington D.C. to be: Furthermore, much of ceremonial Washington is constructed around the above number symbolism. Case in point the way we elect the President with the Electoral College. Here are the dates associated with this controversial process:
Other items of interest:
In the following parts of this series, we will see how the Capitol's astrology utilizes cosmologically aligned pentacles and pentagrams. ^{1} Macoy, Robert, A Dictionary of Freemasonry, Gramercy Books, New York, 2000, reprint of 1869 edition, pp. 613 - 4. Part 2 Copyright © 2002 Edward Kohout. All Rights Reserved. |