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Rosslyn Chapel and the Masonic Legacy
Part 3


Recent Evidence for Mars at Rosslyn

The Grand Lodge of Scotland at Edinburgh

It should be said that the Scottish realms were friendly to the (for lack of a better term) neo-Templars, and the Papal bull that outlawed the Templars was not enforced in Scotland. This allowed for the Templar tradidions to survive, albeit underground, according to some scholars. Rosslyn's place in the realm of the spate of Collegiate Chapel building is rather unique, but in all 42 such chapels were founded in the Scottish realm bewteen 1248 and 1545. Even among the larger pantheon of mid-15th Century Christian masonry, Rosslyn stands as unique. It is easy to assume that the Scottish Masons as the forerunners of the Scottish Rite in America, but in reality this may be truthful in name only. A connection can be made from the later Sinclars of the 18th Century to the sudden appearance of "Ancient" masonry in the Americas after 1750; tis infusion of masons that were not beholden to the Grand Lodge of England caused a schism in Freemasonry that lasted for decades until the Grand Lodges united.

We do know that a Sinclair was at the helm of the very first Grand Lodge of Scotland. As was cited earlier"

The founder of the chapel was Sir William St. Clair (Sinclair), third and last Earl of Orkney. He lived during the reigns of the Scottish Kings, James I, II and III, who gave to the St. Clair family the office of Hereditary Grand Master of the Order of Freemasonry in Scotland.
A later William St. Clair was the last to hold that title, and the last man buried in the vaults of the chapel. A member of Canongate-Kilwinning Lodge #2 and childless, he was instrumental in forming the Grand Lodge of Scotland. Unanimously elected the first Grand Master by the 32 Lodges meeting in Edinburgh on St. Andrew's Day, November 30, 1736, he was succeeded by the Earl of Cromarty in 1737. "The Lodge of St. Andrew's of Boston New England," chartered by the Grand Lodge of Scotland on November 30, 1756, continues to meet in Boston.

Here we have a definite date for the lodge founding, and we can see that indeed Mars, Luna, and Spica are on the east and west horizon over Edinburgh for this date (December 11 in New Style format):


 Figure 3-1  

Of particular note is the fact that the midheaven of this chart is ~274 of ecliptic arc, or the degree of arc that the Sun transits on Christmas.

The Visitors Centre

Althought the exact nature of what the Sinclair's were doing astrologically may be lost to history, we do have some evidence from some recent activity at that site which may offer some clues, that is, if we are to accept that some sort of secret tradition was being honored. The online edition of the journal Freemasonry Today gives us this interesting event:

On the 2 April 1998, H.R.H. Prince Charles officially opened a new visitors centre, housing not only an exhibition on the chapel but, in due course, a section dedicated to masonic and Templar aficianados, along with a purpose-built car park.

Such an undertaking would surely have to honor the traditions of the sacred site. Mars, as we will see, is a focal point of the astrology of this date for the locale of Rosslyn. Our first stop is Giza, where we see that April 2 of 1998 is the date when the Moon is conjunct the belt stars of Orion while simultaneously a mundo square of Sirius and Mars takes place with the smallest possible orb:

Sirius rises at:    12:35:24 PM EET
Mars culminates at: 12:35:15 PM EET


 Figure 3-2  

A closeup of Mars on the meridian:


 Figure 3-3  

Recalling that at Giza, when Sirius rises, Spica is at the nadir, we can conclude that Mars, conjunct Saturn, is opposite of Spica:


 Figure 3-4  

When we relocate this chart to Rosslyn, we find that Jupiter is culminant, but more importantly we see the Markab, the corner of the celestial square, is exactly on the meridian!


 Figure 3-5  


 Figure 3-6  

Such a precise alignment is not possible on any other date, and we have to see that such precision was forseen and employed in an electional sense for this event.

But, why use a Mars/Saturn conjunction, which is viewed as highly unfortunate in contemporary astrology? Perhaps it has to do with the track of Saturn in 1450 that takes a similar trek to Mars' path of 1446:


 Figure 3-7-  Saturn and Neptune on September 21, 1450, in the path of 1445 Mars.


 Figure 3-8  Closeup of the above chart.


 Figure 3-9  These three frames compare the track of Mars in 1445-1446 to the later track of Saturn and the sky on September 21, 1450.

The final consideration is that Luna sets over Rosslyn while exactly on the 0 Aries point, as shown in the following graphic. The Moon, as a reflection of the Sun, is at the opposite nodal point from autumnal equinox. This would show some reverence for the cardinality of selecting September 21 in the first place.


 Figure 3-10  The Moon sets as it transits the 0 Aries line exactly on September 21, 1450.

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